National policy strongly advocates sport in all forms. Traditional sports include canoe racing and wrestling, and several hundred runners participate in the 40 km (25 mi) Mount Cameroon Race of Hope each year.

Cameroon is one of the few tropical countries to have competed in the Winter Olympics.

Sport in Cameroon is dominated by football. Amateur football clubs abound, organised along ethnic lines or under corporate sponsors. The national team has been one of the most successful in Africa since its strong showing in the 1982 and 1990 FIFA World Cups.

Cameroon has won five African Cup of Nations titles and the gold medal at the 2000 Olympics.Cameroon was the host country of the Women Africa Cup of Nations in November–December 2016. The women’s football team is known as the “Indomitable Lionesses.”