Shortly after independence, filmmakers such as Jean-Paul Ngassa and Therese Sita-Bella explored similar themes. In the 1960s, Mongo Beti, Ferdinand Leopold Oyono and other writers explored post-colonialism, problems of African development, and the recovery of African identity.

Meanwhile, in the mid-1970s, filmmakers such as Jean-Pierre Dikongue Pipa and Daniel Kamwa dealt with the conflicts between traditional and post-colonial society.

Literature and films during the next two decades concentrated more on wholly Cameroonian themes.